Lantingremarks1 - Vincent's Calligraphy

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Footnote:  Here, Wang Xizhi offered a scathing rejection on one of the philosophies proposed by Zhuangzi (莊子, 369-286 BC) regarding life and death, which can be "considered a precursor of relativism in systems of value."(1)  In Zhuangzi's thinking, this "relativism even leads himself to doubt the basis of pragmatic arguments (that a good course of action preserves our lives) since this presupposes that life is good and death bad. In the fourth section of "The Great Happiness" (至樂 zhìlè, chapter 18), Zhuangzi expresses pity to a skull he sees lying at the side of the road. Zhuangzi laments that the skull is now dead, but the skull retorts, "How do you know it's bad to be dead?"" (2)
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